Second Grade Curriculum

Language Arts

The second grade reading program is a review and reflection of the first grade program. The texts contain literature that is well-balanced in subject matter with stories from a variety of genres. Stories encourage students to be knowledgeable in science and social studies as well. Reading, writing, thinking, phonetics and language skills are integrated into the lessons. Students will be good thinkers and become knowledgeable of phonetics, reading various types of literature and recognizing the different features of each type of literature such as: fiction, nonfiction, plays, fables, folk tales, fairy tales, biographies, and autobiographies. Students will reflect on story comprehension, vocabulary usage, and the use of phonetics as they read through the various literature selections. Phonetics will include short vowels, long vowels, consonant sounds, vowel patterns, and vowel-consonant patterns.

Course content includes:

  • Reading Mechanics
  • Research Skills
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Study Skills
  • Listening, Speaking, Writing
  • Vocabulary
  • Literature Skills
  • Composition
  • Decoding and Phonics
  • Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs
  • Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms
  • High Frequency Words
  • Compound Words
  • Root Words
  • Contractions
  • Prefixes and Suffixes
  • Simple Abbreviations


The second grade math program introduces, develops, and encourages using varied math skills to find solutions to everyday problems. It includes thinking and inquiring about math concepts, solving word problems, skill sheets, group games, activities, and the use of manipulatives. Students will use an open mind in order to become knowledgeable of counting, understanding base-ten numeration, addition, subtraction, money, measurement, time, geometrical shapes, fractions, and multiplication.

Course content includes:

  • Counting and Understanding Whole Numbers and Relationships
  • Number Lines
  • Number Sets
  • Units and Subdivisions
  • Addition and Subtraction
  • Basic Estimation Strategies
  • Real World Problem Solving
  • Length, Width, Height, Weight and Temperature
  • Time
  • Money
  • Spatial Sense
  • Geometric Shapes
  • Create and Read Graphs
  • Probability

Spelling and Writing

The second grade students systematically learn to identify the sounds they hear with the patterns they see through the lessons in the reading book. The sound charts used in the reading program reinforce these spelling skills. The students are expected to apply the skills learned in all subject areas as well as the many forms of creative writing and reports. The student will be instructed daily to develop good form and habits in manuscript writing. Through the Handwriting Without Tears the second grade program establishes a firm foundation for success in good writing.

Course content includes:

  • Short Vowels
  • Long Vowels
  • Consonants
  • Blends
  • Writing


The second grade science program emphasizes the basic science process, skills of observing, classifying, measuring, communicating, and inquiring. Hands on activities and demonstrations help students to become open minded about new science concepts.

Course content includes:

  • Weather
  • Oceans
  • Measuring
  • Environments
  • Plant and Animal Life Cycles
  • Forces in Action

Social Studies

The second grade social studies program focuses on the student becoming knowledgeable of communities, time and location, natural and cultural environments, people, maps, globes, and relationships of people with their communities. Students will become more knowledgeable about the earth, landforms, continents, oceans, countries and states, communities, people, and government. They will inquire and become better thinkers about other people and their environments such as Alaska, the arctic areas, Eskimos, the Tundra, Williamsburg, VA, Indians of Virginia, and colonists. Students will also inquire and think about the goods and services that people provide for others, the environments of other communities, the tools used, how they get their food, and how times have changed. Community helpers will visit the classrooms and inform students of their part in the workings of a community. Parents in various professions will also be invited to speak to the class about their jobs in the community. Following the study of a colonial community, students will take a field trip to Williamsburg to observe life in colonial times.


Continued emphasis on imagination, creativity, and observation. The students will begin to understand color, line, design, texture, and patterns. They will begin to use them in their work. The students will begin to learn about different artists. Each student will be given many opportunities to explore and develop their inner creativity through hands-on art activities and use of many different types of art media. They will be given individual attention and every lesson will be differentiated to meet that child’s learning style. They will gain an appreciation of their art and the art of others which will give them a sense of pride, admiration, and open-mindedness.

Course content includes:

  • Clay
  • Painting
  • Color Wheel
  • Printmaking
  • Two- and Three-Dimensional Art
  • Categorizing Colors
  • Drawing
  • Sculpture
  • How to Use and Care for Art Materials
  • Art History
  • Well-Known Artists


The students in grade 2 will review all concepts presented in grade 1. The students will continue building on the skills begun in grade1. The students will strengthen the following skills: notation of the five tone scale, improvisation, thereby fostering musical independence, building on rhythmic competencies and application of vocabulary and concepts to listening exercises.  Children will sing on Grandparent’s Day, Festival of the Trees, and Closing Ceremonies. The student will also spend a concentrated period of time on a theatrical production to be performed in the spring.

Computer Science

Students will continue gaining knowledge and confidence in navigating the computer and various programs. Typing drills will progress to more complex words and phrases, and proper hand placement will be emphasized. Creative writing assignments will be employed to introduce basic word processing skills, helping the students become familiar with opening a new document, saving, and proper formatting and typing. Digital Citizenship and Safety lessons and exercises will teach how to navigate the computer safely, how to keep information private, how to search online, bullying, identifying kid-friendly websites, passwords and online advertising.